Bats are mammals. In fact, they are the only mammals, capable of actually flying. Bats cannot be considered pests; on the contrary they help in getting rid of the pests because pests are their food. Bats work on the process of echolocation. Echolocation is a very well developed hearing power. The sounds they emit echo back when they are obstructed by any object in the way. From this, they understand the size and distance of the object. They make this chirping sound, like sonar to communicate with each other and to catch their prey. This is done very fast. Bats usually stay in caves, in trees, buildings, etc. most species stay in colonies which can have more than million bats.
Bats help to control pests; they eat about a 500-800 insects in a single night. Though bats don’t directly harm humans, mostly they are difficult to remove because of their size and because they can fly. Also if they are in a large number it becomes impossible to catch them. Then the question arises, why do we have to remove bats, when they are harmless? It’s not like that they are completely harmless, their droppings not only create a mess in the house, it can cause respiratory disorders, hence it is suggested that one wears a protective mask on the nose and mouth and also gloves in the hands while cleaning their droppings. Their urine also has a foul smell and can over the period of time degrade anything it comes in contact with.
The only harmless DIY method that I can think of to remove bats is blocking the entry points when they are away. Usually bats fly out of houses in the morning, in search of insects, water etc. one can block their entry points at that time and prevent them from entering back. But this method will also not work if they are in large numbers. Bats if they feel trapped, may bite, which is a very serious problem and the person should be taken to a doctor immediately for a vaccination, as bats are carriers of the rabies virus. Though the bite doesn’t look too big, bats can pass this virus to humans, pets and even to kids.
Controlling or managing bats is a difficult and risky task, keeping safety in mind; it is best advisable to call a professional pest controller or a trained wildlife expert. A wildlife expert will catch the bats without causing any harm to them while the pest controller will examine the house and take all measures to remove them and also prevent them from entering again. Both of them together will do the complete job and in a humane manner.
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